5.9 C
Utrecht
Monday, 18 January 2021
No menu items!
Home Uncategorized Exercise benefits physical and mental health in schizophrenia

Exercise benefits physical and mental health in schizophrenia

Last updated 7 years ago by UtrechtCentral.com

Exercise therapy improves mental health and cardiovascular fitness in patients with schizophrenia, researchers report.

In a study of 63 patients with schizophrenia, Thomas Scheewe (University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands) and co-authors found that 1 or 2 hours of exercise therapy per week significantly reduced positive and negative symptoms, depression, and the need for care, and improved cardiovascular fitness compared with occupational therapy.

“Exercise therapy appears to be an effective add-on treatment in schizophrenia,” they write in Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica.

In total, 31 patients were randomly assigned to undertake 6 months of exercise therapy, which was primarily designed to improve cardiovascular fitness but also included muscle strengthening exercises for variety, and 32 to receive occupational therapy, which comprised creative and recreational activities such as painting, reading, and computer activities.

In intention-to-treat analyses, which included all randomized participants, the team found that exercise therapy was associated with a significant 7.6% increase in Wpeak(peak work rate at the moment of exhaustion in Watts) compared with a 2.9% decrease with occupational therapy. There was also a trend-level 30.2% reduction in Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) scores with exercise therapy compared with a 8.5% reduction with occupational therapy.

Moreover, in per protocol analysis, which only included patients in both groups who had a compliance rate of at least 50%, exercise therapy was associated with a significant 20.7% reduction in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) scores, a significant 36.6% reduction in MADRS scores, a significant 9.7% increase in Wpeak, and a significant 22.0% reduction in Camberwell Assessment of Needs (CAN) scores.

By contrast, occupational therapy was associated with 3.3% increase in PANSS scores, a 4.4% reduction in MADRS scores, a 3.3% reduction in Wpeak, and a 4.0% reduction in CAN scores.

Scheewe and team conclude: “Exercise therapy 1 to 2 hours weekly evidently improved mental health, improved cardiovascular fitness and reduced need of care in patients with schizophrenia.

“Future studies should enrol larger number of patients with longer follow-up periods to validate our findings.”

They add that “given limited effects in intention-to-treat analyses, methods should be investigated to improve exercise therapy compliance.”

Source: News Medical

Michael Darmanin
Michael Darmanin
Michael is founder and managing editor of Utrecht Central. He graduated in Communications and Media at the Hogeschool Utrecht in the summer of 2012. He specializes in Web Development, Content Management and Online Marketing. Interested in co-operation? We are open to all kinds of suggestions. Contact us!

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Popular in the last 7 days

Leidsche Rijn project is creating hope for housing crisis in Utrecht

Housing shortage in Utrecht and in the Netherlands has always been a topic spoken about. This crisis particularly affects students, young people, and the...

Binge worthy movies to watch during Christmas

The final countdown has already began! Amidst strict corona rules, it is fairly difficult to travel at places. So it is perfect to enjoy...

Black owned businesses: Why more now?

In light of the various race equality movements that have taken place all over the world, more questions are being raised about the racial...

‘Utrecht’ is the new ‘Amsterdam’ quotes CNN

Utrecht has been labelled the new 'Amsterdam' of the Netherlands for vacationers this coming year after a post on the travel section of the...

More from this Author

Experience a nights stay in a former church from just €49.99 per night

Make a reservation A very original idea is the BUNK hotel in Utrecht which provides visitors the chance to experience a stay between the walls...

Three Utrechters nominated for Science Talent award

Three Utrechters have been nominated to win the Science Talent award. The three nominated researchers from Utrecht are: Joyce Browne (1987, Utrecht University) During her pregnancy,...

New nightly wine festival at Utrecht’s Central Studios

In the night from Saturday 6 July to Sunday 7 July, the first "Night of Wine" will take place in the Utrecht Central Studios....

Xenos to open new store in Utrecht Kanaleneiland

The well-known and especially loved retail chain Xenos will open the doors of a completely renovated store in the Nova shopping center on Hammarskjoldhof...